Columbia Global Policy Initiative's Maggie Powers published "Responsibility to protect: dead, dying, or thriving?" in The International Journal of Human Rights (October, 2015).
Article Abstract: An intense backlash against the norm of responsibility to protect (R2P) emerged following the 2011 United Nations (UN)-authorized intervention in Libya. This research assesses empirically how significantly the post-Libya backlash affected the normative acceptance of R2P and offers insight into where in the lifecycle of acceptance or rejection R2P currently falls. Through the collection and analysis of UN Security Council and Human Rights Council documents, this research creates an empirical picture of how often, when, and by whom R2P terminology has been referenced over time at the UN. The analysis reveals that post-Libya debate on R2P has not resulted in a decrease in rhetorical acceptance of the norm or a decrease in authorization of R2P framed policies. Instead, R2P has become further internalized and is increasingly utilized in the Security Council and Human Rights Council.